There are approximately 7000 new cases in the United Kingdom each year with a 5 year survival rate of 75%. The incidence appears to be increasing.
Age is the commonest risk factor with over 93% occurring after 50 years of age. Others include the use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT), young age when periods started and late age when they finished. Obesity and diabetes also increase the risk slightly.
The use of the drug tamoxifen for breast cancer is a risk factor as it stimulates the growth of the lining of the uterus
There is an increased risk if someone in your family has an inheritable form of breast ovarian or colon cancer. Hopefully, you will be aware of this situation.
As already mentioned, being overweight needs to be avoided. There are no specific food substances associated with increased risk.
Symptoms and signs
The commonest sign is the onset of bleeding from the vagina after menopause has occurred. Sometimes as the tumour grows it can produce a discharge which may or may not contain blood. Therefore all abnormal vaginal discharge should be investigated. Rarely, the tumour may present with symptoms such as painful sexual intercourse or difficulty emptying the bladder both of which can be due to direct pressure of the tumour - but remember that these are rare causes of these symptoms.
Surgery is the treatment of choice in order to remove the entire tumour. If the tumour has spread to involve other surrounding tissue, in addition chemotherapy or radiotherapy may be offered.